The move is intended to simplify a sprawling communications empire that executives said encompassed two distinct markets, the United States and Europe.
The U.S. business would be shielded from concerns about the European operation, and it would make a parting $1.5 billion dividend payment that would improve Altice NV’s balance sheet.
Altice’s performance in Europe last year led investors to question its strategy, and in November founder Patrick Drahi returned as president while Chief Executive Michel Combes resigned.
Turning around operations in France and Portugal are the top European goals.
Shares of the U.S. unit are down about 35 percent from their market debut last June. Altice NV’s stock is down by about half over the last 12 months.
“Altice USA’s shares have suffered from guilt by association with the weaker results at the European parent,” Craig Moffett, an analyst at MoffettNathanson, said in an email.
“The biggest overhang on Altice USA shares,” he added, “has been the nagging concern that U.S. shareholders might somehow be called upon to backstop weakness in Europe. That risk will now be gone.”
Netherlands-based Altice NV, which will be renamed Altice Europe, said it aims to complete the spinoff of its 67.2 percent interest in Altice USA by the end of the second quarter of 2018, following regulatory and shareholder approvals.
Altice has grown in the United States and Europe through debt-fueled acquisitions, raising its net debt to more than five times its annual core operating profit.
The two companies will be led by separate management teams with Drahi retaining control of both companies.
Dennis Okhuijsen will become CEO of Altice Europe and Dexter Goei will continue to serve as chief executive of Altice USA.
Franco-Israeli tycoon Drahi is the group’s controlling shareholder with a 31.1 percent stake, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Altice USA on Monday also approved in principle the cash dividend of $1.5 billion to all shareholders immediately prior to completion of the separation, funded by debt.
The dividend would add to Altice USA’s net debt which was approximately $21.2 billion at the end of the third quarter of last year. Altice USA also approved a $2 billion repurchase program of U.S. shares, once the separation is complete.
The U.S. dividend will provide an approximately 900 million euro cash injection to the European operation. Drahi in a statement also said that there was a path to further strengthen the European balance sheet over the long term through non-core asset disposals.
The deal will raise the publicly traded economic stake of the U.S. operation to 42 percent from 10 percent, sharply increasing liquidity, Jonathan Chaplin, analyst at New Street Research, wrote in an email.
Reporting by Sonam Rai and Supantha Mukherjee in Bengaluru; editing by Peter Henderson; Editing by Maju Samuel; editing by Clive McKeef